HMAT A20 Hororata

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HMAT A20 Hororata
HMAT A20 Hororata.jpg
HMAT A20 Hororata 2.jpg
Preparing to leave Port Melbourne 17 Apr 1915
Name HMAT A20 Hororata
Owner New Zealand Shipping Company Ltd
Builder William Deny & Bros, Dumbarton
Yard number 993
Launched 29 Dec 1913
Completed 23 May 1914
In service 3 Jun 1914
Out of service 5 Apr 1943
Fate torpedoed in North Atlantic
General characteristics
Type Passenger / Cargo Refrigerated
Tonnage 9,461 tons
Length 511.1 ft (155.78m)
Beam 64.2 ft (19.57m)
Depth 32 ft (9.75m)
Propulsion twin screw
Speed 15.7 knots (29.1 kph)


Owned by the New Zealand Shipping Co Ltd, London and leased by the Commonwealth until 11 Sep 1917. Originally fitted out to serve the New Zealand emigrant trade, with 5 First Class berths and 1066 Steerage Class. She completed six voyages from Australia, the first being from Melbourne with the 6th and 7th Battalion HQs on 18 Oct 1914, and she was a member of the 1st Convoy that left from Albany. From 12 Sep 1917 until 12 Apr 1919 she was under the control of the British Admiralty, having been taken up as part of the Liner Requisition Scheme, continuing to carry troops.

Laid up from August 1930 until Feb 1933. The Hororata then served as a Cadet Training Ship from 1934 to 1939. Sold to the British India Steam Navigation Co Ltd in London, it was renamed Waroonga before being again requisitioned on 7 Mar 1940 for service with the Liner Requisition Scheme. On 5 Apr 1943 while part of a convoy from New York to London it was torpedoed by U Boat U630, sinking the next day following an explosion. 22 crew were lost.

Soldiers carried

Fremantle to Port Tewfik 18 Feb 1915 - ??

Sydney to Port Tewfik (Suez) 10 April 1915 - 18 May 1915

Embarked in Fremantle on 26 April

Melbourne to Port Tewfik (Suez) 27 September - 27 October 1915

Embarked in Fremantle 4 October

Alexandria to Marseilles 17 - 22 June 1916

England to Fremantle 16 April - 30 May 1920

Other Voyages

19 October 1914 from Melbourne
2 May 1916 from Sydney
23 November 1916 from Melbourne
14 June 1917 from Sydney