Consolidated B-24 Liberator

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Consolidated B-24 Liberator
B24 Liberator 2.jpg
B24's in flight South west Pacific
B24 Liberator.jpg
B24 being serviced
Type 4 engine monoplane
Role Heavy bomber
Designer Consolidated Aircraft
Manufacturer Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California
Produced 1940 - 45. 4,600 built by the Ford Motor Company.
Number built ~ 18,188
Primary users USAAF; USN; RAAF;BOAC (civilian transport);
In service 1941
Out of service 1968 (Indian Air Force)


Designed to be an upgrade to the Boeing B17, the B-24 was the mainstay of the US strategic bombing campaign in the Western European theater. Due to its range, it proved useful in bombing operations in the Pacific, including the bombing of Japan. Australian aircrew seconded to the Royal Air Force flew Liberators in all theatres of the war, including with RAF Coastal Command, in the Middle East, and with South East Asia Command. Some even flew in South African Air Force squadrons. The first to enter service with the RAF did so in late 1941, with the first to be used in the Middle AEast arriving there in early 1942.

287 Liberators saw service with the RAAF in seven squadrons, and 2 special duty flights. 33 of these aircraft were lost due to enemy action or accidents with 200 Australian killed. At the conclusion of the war they performed a vital role ferrying released POWs back to Australia from Manila, and servicemen from Labuan. They remained in service with the RAAF until 1948 when they were replaced by Avro Lincolns.

Due to its shape it earned the nickname "Flying Boxcar". Some variants, used for maritime patrol carried reduced defensive capacity and some transport versions, none at all.

General characteristics

  • Crew: Eleven: Pilot, co-pilot, navigator, bombardier, radio operator, nose turret, top turret, 2 x waist gunners, ball turret, tail gunner.
  • Length: 20.47 m
  • Wingspan: 34 m
  • Height: 5.37 m
  • Empty weight: 16,556 kg
  • Max takeoff weight: 24, 948 kg
  • Powerplant: 4 x Prat & Whitney Twin Wasp 14 cylinder air cooled radial piston engines. 1,200 hp each
  • Maximum speed: 478 km/h
  • Range: 2,480 km
  • Service ceiling: 8,500 m
  • Armament
  • Guns: 10 x .50 caliber M2 Browning machine guns in 4 turrets and 2 waist positions
  • Bombs: 1,200kg to 3,600 kg depending on range.

Air Crew

5th Bomber Command USAF

528th Squadron USAF

No. 21 Squadron RAAF

Ground Crew

No. 21 Squadron RAAF

No. 99 Squadron RAAF

No. 7 Operational Training Unit RAAF

No. 482 Squadron RAAF