James Pryor Thatcher

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James Pryor Thatcher
Thatcher James Pryor.jpg
Thatcher James Pryor 2.jpg
Personal Information
Date of Birth 27 Mar 1915
Place of Birth Fremantle, Western Australia
Death 22 Nov 1943
Place of Death Thailand
Age at Enlistment 25 years, 2 months
Description 5'7" (1.70m) tall ; ; blue eyes ; light brown hair
Occupation Farmer
Religion Church of England
Address 'Wattle Creek', Byford, Western Australia
Next of Kin Father , Mr Ernest Thomas Thatcher
Military Information
Reg Number WX2848
Date of Enlistment 20 May 1940
Rank Sergeant
Unit/Formation 2/3rd Australian Machine Gun Battalion
Military Movement
1st Departure from Australia
Journey Dates 16 Apr 1941 ‒ 14 May 1941
Transport Details SS Île de France Fremantle to Port Tewfik
Journey Dates 31 Jan 1942 ‒ 17 Feb 1942
Transport Details SS Orcades Port Tewfik to Tanjong Priok, Java
Post War Details
Fate POW captured Java
Died of illness while POW in Thailand
Monument(s) Armadale War Memorial
ANZAC Memorial Park (Byford)
Byford WW2 Honour Roll
WA State War Memorial
External Monument(s) The Australian Ex-Prisoners of War Memorial Ballarat, Victoria
Australian War Memorial Australian War Memorial
Medals 1939-45 Star
Africa Star
Pacific Star
Defence Medal
War Medal 1939-45
Australian Service Medal 1939-45

Pre War

War Service

Prior to enlistment in the AIF, James had served for 3½ years wit the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment.

Following enlistment in the AIF he was taken on the strength of the 2/2nd Australian Machine Gun Battalion at Northam camp. On 22 Jun 1940 James had shown early signs of leadership and was made an Acting Corporal. From 4 - 18 Aug 1940 he attended a Machine Gun course, and then on 29 Oct 1940 he, along with his sub unit entrained for Adelaide, arriving there on 31 Oct 1940. On arrival they found that they had been transferred to the 2/3rd Australian Machine Gun Battalion. From 18 - 20 Feb 1941 James was in the Wayville Camp Hospital with Otitis Media (middle ear infection). Granted pre-embarkation leave in WA from 25 Mar until 4 Apr 1941 he reported to a holding unit until 16 Apr 1941 when he embarked on the SS Île de France a part of Convoy 10B which sailed to Port Tewfik in Egypt via Colombo in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) where they disembarked on 14 May 1941. His rank of Corporal was confirmed just prior to embarkation.

On 8 Jun 1941 he was appointed Lance Sergeant, just prior to his unit participating in the Syria-Lebanon campaign against Vichy-French forces, and he was further promoted to Acting Sergeant on 4 Sep 1941 while they were acting as Garrison troops guarding against any attempt by Axis forces to drive south from the Caucasus mountains. The unit spent time near Beirut, Aleppo and Tripoli before being warned to prepare for a relocation to the Far East.

The battalion was at Fih in Syria when orders came to move to Singapore to strengthen their defences, and it moved first to Palestine on 14 Jan 1942. On 31 Jan 1942 they boarded a train which took them to El Kantara on the canal where they crossed over it, before moving on to Port Tewfik. Here on 1 Feb 1942 they boarded the SS Orcades for Tanjong Priok (Jakarta's harbour) via Colombo in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) as Convoy JS2. While the troops were aboard, all their equipment, and primary fire power was aboard smaller, slower ships that were to form Convoy JS3. The unit's 'B' Echelon, however, could not be accommodated aboard the Orcades and thus they were not captured in Java. This group was to later form the nucleus of a unit reborn in Australia during 1943. The main body aboard Orcades arrived in Colombo on 8 Feb 1942 and departed next day. By the time they reached the Sunda Strait, Japanese troops had begun landing in southern Sumatra and so they were rerouted to Oosthaven on the southern coast of Sumatra, arriving there on the day Singapore surrendered (15 Jan 1942).

Soon after unloading began, Japanese troops were reported to be nearby and those troops quickly re-embarked and the ship sailed. James' records show him disembarking on 8 Feb 1942 at Batavia (Jakarta's Dutch name). The book Across the Sea and to War (Peter Plowman, Rosenburg Publishing, 2003) suggests that they departed Oosthaven on 16 Feb 1942, and disembarked on 17 Feb 1942 at Tanjong Priok as part of 'Blackforce Java'. The next entry in his records is a report dated 7 Mar 1942 that he is 'Missing', date unknown, and then 'Missing believed to be POW' dated 30 Jul 1943, and finally 'POW interred JAVA CAMP'. An entry dated 25 Jul 1945 reports that he had died of illness Amoebic Dysentery on 22 Nov 1943 in Thailand.

On 17 Feb 1946 James' remains were exhumed from Tarsao, and reburied in the Kanchanburi War Cemetery.

  • Kanchanaburi War Cemetery
  • Location of James' gravesite
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA. PROBATE JURISDICTION. IN THE WILL of JAMES PRYOR THATCHER formerly a Member of the 2/2 Machine Gun Battalion but late a Sergeant No WX2848 of the 2/3 Machine Gun Battalion of the 7th Division of the Australian Imperial Forces deceased. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that all creditors and other persons having any claims or demands against the estate of the abovenamed JAMES PRYOR THATCHER deceased are hereby required to send full particulars thereof in writing to THE PERPETUAL EXECUTORS TRUSTEES AND AGENCY COMPANY (W.A) LIMITED of 93 St George's-terrace Perth the Administrator (with the will annexed of the estate of the said deceased on or before the 19th day of November 1945 after which date the said administrator (with the will annexed) will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased amongst the persons entitled thereto having regard only to those claims and demands of which it shall then have had notice. DATED this 12th day of October, 1945. ACKLAD AND WATKINS. Perpetual Trustee Buldings. 89 St George's-terrace, Perth. Solicitors for the Administrator IN THE SUP?RME COURT OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA.[1]


  1. West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), Friday 26 October 1945, page 10

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